NOTE: with the exception of pdf documents designated with this icon pdf document, all the links in the citations below go to non-government sites and open in separate pages


Hicks, Bruce B.; Pendergrass, William R.; Baker, Barry D.; Saylor, Rick D.; O’Dell, Debra L.; Eash, Neal S.; McQueen, Jeffrey T. (2018). On the Relevance of ln(z0/z0T ) = kB−1, Boundary-Layer Meteorol (2018) 167:285–301,

Wulfmeyer, V., D.D. Turner, B. Baker, R. Banta, A. Behrendt, T. Bonin, W. Brewer, M. Buban, A. Choukulkar, E. Dumas, R. Hardesty, T. Heus, J. Ingwersen, D. Lange, T. Lee, S. Metzendorf, S. Muppa, T. Meyers, R. Newsom, M. Osman, S. Raasch, J. Santanello, C. Senff, F. Späth, T. Wagner, and T. Weckwerth, 2018: A New Research Approach for Observing and Characterizing Land-Atmosphere Feedback. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 0,

Ming Chenab, Tim J.Griffisa, John M.Baker, Jeffrey D.Wood, Tilden Meyers, Andrew Suyker (2018). Comparing crop growth and carbon budgets simulated across AmeriFlux agricultural sites using the Community Land Model (CLM), Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, Volumes 256–257, 15 June 2018, Pages 315-333,

Lee, P., Saylor, R., McQueen, J. (2018). Air Quality Monitoring and Forecasting, Atmosphere 2018, 9(3), 89; doi:10.3390/atmos9030089.

Lee, T. R., S. F. J. De Wekker, and S. Pal, 2018: The impact of the afternoon planetary boundary-layer height on the diurnal cycle of CO and CO2 mixing ratios at a low-altitude mountaintop. Boundary-Layer Meteorology (2018), 1-22

Kochendorfer, J., Nitu, R., Wolff, M., Mekis, E., Rasmussen, R., Baker, B., Earle, M. E., Reverdin, A., Wong, K., Smith, C. D., Yang, D., Roulet, Y.-A., Meyers, T., Buisan, S., Isaksen, K., Brækkan, R., Landolt, S., and Jachcik, A.: Testing and development of transfer functions for weighing precipitation gauges in WMO-SPICE, Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 22, 1437-1452,, 2018.

Thorne, P.W., H.J. Diamond, B. Goodison, S. Harrigan, Z. Hausfather, N. B. Ingleby, P. D. Jones, J. H. Lawrimore, D. H. Lister, A. Merlone, T. Oakley, M. Palecki, T. C. Peterson, M. de Podesta, C.. Tassone, V. Venema, and K. M. Willett. (2018). Towards a global land surface climate fiducial reference measurements network. International Journal of Climatology. In Press. doi:10.1002/joc.5458.


Biederman, J. A., R. L. Scott, T. W. Bell, D. R. Bowling, S. Dore, J. Garatuza-Payan, T. Kolb, P. Krishnan, D. J. Krofcheck, M. E. Litvak, G. E. Maurer, T. P. Meyers, W. C. Oechel, S. A. Papuga, G. E. Ponce-Campos, J. C. Rodriguez, W. K. Smith, R. Vargas, C. J. Watts, E. A. Yepez, and M. L. Goulden (2017). CO2 exchange and evapotranspiration across dryland ecosystems of southwestern North America. Early On-Line in Global Change Biology 1– 8.

Pan, L., Kim, H., Lee, P., Saylor, R., Tang, Y., Tong, D., Baker, B., Kondragunta, S., Xu, C., Ruminski, M. G., Chen, W., McQueen, J., and Stajner, I. (2017) Evaluating a fire smoke simulation algorithm in the National Air Quality Forecast Capability (NAQFC) by using multiple observation data sets during the Southeast Nexus (SENEX) field campaign, Geoscientific Model Devopment Discussions,

Lee, P., McQueen, J., Stajner, I., Huang, J., Pan, L, Tong, D., Kim, H., Tang, Y., Kondragunta, S., Ruminski, M., Lu, S., Rogers, E., Saylor, R., Shafran, P., Huang, H., Gorline, J., Upadhayay, S., Artz, R. (2017) NAQFC developmental forecast guidance for fine particulate matter (PM2.5), Weather and Forecasting., 32, 343-360.

Magee, Andrew & Verdon-Kidd, D & Diamond, Howard & Kiem, Anthony. (2017). Influence of ENSO, ENSO Modoki, and the IPO on tropical cyclogenesis: a spatial analysis of the southwest Pacific region. International Journal of Climatology. 37. . 10.1002/joc.5070.

Lee, T. R., M. Buban, E. Dumas, and C. B. Baker, 2017: A New Technique To Estimate Sensible Heat Fluxes Around Micrometeorological Towers Using Small Unmanned Aircraft Systems., Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology 34 (9), 2103-2112, doi:10.1175/JTECH-D-17-0065.1.

Pal, S., T. R. Lee, and S. F. J. De Wekker, 2017: A study of the combined impact of boundary layer height and near-surface meteorology to the CO diurnal cycle at a low mountaintop site using simultaneous lidar and in-situ observations. Atmospheric Environment 164, 165-179, doi:

Lee, T. R. and S. Pal, 2017: On the potential of 25 years (1991-2015) of regular rawinsonde measurements for elucidating key climatological and spatiotemporal patterns of afternoon boundary layer depths over the contiguous US. Advances in Meteorology 2017, 6841239, doi:10.1155/2017/6841239.

Nelson, A. J, Koloutsou-Vakakis, S., Rood, M. J, Myles, L., Lehmann, C., Bernacchi, C., Balasubramanian, S., Joo, E., Heuer, M., Vieira-Filho, M., & Lin, J. (2017). Season-long ammonia flux measurements above fertilized corn in central Illinois, USA, using relaxed eddy accumulation. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 239(), 202-212. doi: 10.1016/j.agrformet.2017.03.010

Buisán, S. T., Earle, M. E., Collado, J. L., Kochendorfer, J., Alastrué, J., Wolff, M., Smith, C. D., and López-Moreno, J. I.: Assessment of snowfall accumulation underestimation by tipping bucket gauges in the Spanish operational network, Atmos. Meas. Tech., 10, 1079-1091, doi:10.5194/amt-10-1079-2017, 2017

Balasubramanian, Srinidhi & Nelson, Andrew & Koloutsou-Vakakis, Sotiria & Lin, Jie & J. Rood, Mark & Myles, LaToya & Bernacchi, Carl. (2017). Evaluation of DeNitrification DeComposition model for estimating ammonia fluxes from chemical fertilizer application. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology. 237-238. 123-134. 10.1016/j.agrformet.2017.02.006.

Kochendorfer, J., Nitu, R., Wolff, M., Mekis, E., Rasmussen, R., Baker, B., Earle, M. E., Reverdin, A., Wong, K., Smith, C. D., Yang, D., Roulet, Y.-A., Buisan, S., Laine, T., Lee, G., Aceituno, J. L. C., Alastrué, J., Isaksen, K., Meyers, T., Brækkan, R., Landolt, S., Jachcik, A., and Poikonen, A.: Analysis Of Single-Alter-Shielded And Unshielded Measurements Of Mixed And Solid Precipitation From WMO-SPICE, Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 21, 3525-3542,, 2017

Dobosy, Sayres, Healy, Dumas, Heuer, Kochendorfer, Baker, Anderson, 2017:, Estimating Random Uncertainty In Airborne Flux Measurements Over Alaskan Tundra: Update On The Flux Fragment Method., Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 34, 1807-1822, American Meteorological Society

Kochendorfer, J., Rasmussen, R., Wolff, M., Baker, B., Hall, M. E., Meyers, T., Landolt, S., Jachcik, A., Isaksen, K., Brækkan, R., and Leeper, R.: The Quantification And Correction Of Wind-Induced Precipitation Measurement Errors, Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 21, 1973-1989,, 2017

Buisán, S. T., M. E. Earle, J. L. Collado, J. Kochendorfer, J. Alastrué, M. Wolff, C. D. Smith, and J. I. López-Moreno (2017). Assessment Of Snowfall Accumulation Underestimation By Tipping Bucket Gauges In The Spanish Operational Network, Atmospheric Measurement Techniques, 10, 1079-1091, doi:10.5194/amt-10-1079-2017

Sayres, Dobosy, Healy, Dumas, Kochendorfer, Munster, Wilkerson, Baker, Anderson, 2016:, Arctic Regional Methane Fluxes By Ecotope As Derived Using Eddy Covariance From A Low Flying Aircraft., Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 17, 8619-8633,, 2017


T. Wilson, C. Baker, C., T. Meyers, J. Kochendorfer, M. Hall, J. Bell, H. Diamond, M. Palecki (2016): Site-Specific Soil Properties of the U.S. Climate Reference Network Soil Moisture, Vadose Zone Journal, Vol. 15, Iss. 11, November 2016, doi: 10.2136/vzj2016.05.0047.

Saylor, R., Myles, L., Sibble, D., Caldwell, J., Xing, J. (2015) Recent trends in gas-phase ammonia and PM2.5 ammonium in the Southeast United States, J. Air & Waste Manage. Assoc., 65, 347-357.

Hicks, B., Saylor, R., and Baker, B. (2016) Dry deposition of particles to canopies – A look back and the road forward, J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 121, doi:10.1002/2015JD024742.

Dumas, Edward James, Lee, Temple R, Buban, Michael Scott, Baker, Clifford Bruce, 2016:, Small Unmanned Aircraft System (Suas) Measurements During The 2016 Verifications Of The Origins Of Rotation In Tornadoes Experiment Southeast (VORTEX-SE).

Huang, M., P. Lee, R. McNider, J. Crawford, E. Buzay, J. Barrick, Y. Liu, and P. Krishnan (2016), Temporal and spatial variability of daytime land surface temperature in Houston: Comparing DISCOVER-AQ aircraft observations with the WRF model and satellites, Journal of Geophysical Research – Atmospheres 121, 185–195, doi:10.1002/2015JD023996.

Lee, T. R. and S. F. J. De Wekker, 2016: Estimating daytime planetary boundary layer heights over a valley from rawinsonde observations at a nearby airport: An application to the Page Valley in Virginia, USA. Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology 55 (3), 791-809, doi:10.1175/JAMC-D-15-0300.1.

Saylor, R. D. and B. B. Hicks (2016). New directions: Time for a new approach to modeling surface-atmosphere exchanges in air quality models? Atmospheric Environment 129: 229-233. doi:10.1016/j.atmosenv.2016.01.032

Scott L. Graham, John Kochendorfer, Andrew M.S. McMillan, Maurice J. Duncan, M.S. Srinivasan, Gladys Hertzog (2016): Effects Of Agricultural Management On Measurements, Prediction, And Partitioning Of Evapotranspiration In Irrigated Grasslands, Agricultural Water Management, Volume 177, November 2016, Pages 340-347, ISSN 0378-3774, doi: 10.1016/j.agwat.2016.08.015.

Buisan, S, J.I. Lopez-Moreno, and J. Kochendorfer (2016): Impact Of Weather Type Variability On Winter Precipitation, Temperature And Annual Snowpack In The Spanish Pyrenees. Climate Research, 69, 79-92, 10.3354/cr01391, 2016.


Wang,S., Pan,M., Mu, Q., Shi,X., Mao,J., Brümmer,C., Jassal,R.S., Krishnan,P., Li, J., and T.A. Black (2015), Comparing evapotranspiration from eddy covariance measurements, water budgets, remote sensing, and land surface models over Canada, Journal of Hydrometeorology, 16, 1540–1560,2015

Lee, T. R., S. F. J. De Wekker, S. Pal, A. E. Andrews, and J. Kofler, 2015: Meteorological controls on the diurnal variability of carbon monoxide mixing ratio at a mountaintop monitoring site in the Appalachian Mountains. Tellus B 67, 25659, doi:

Krishnan P., J. Kochendorfer, E.J. Dumas, P.C. Guillevic, C. B. Baker, Tilden P. Meyers, B. Martos (2015) Comparison Of In-Situ, Aircraft, And Satellite Land Surface Temperature Measurements Over A NOAA Climate Reference Network Site, Remote Sensing of Environment, Volume 165, August 2015, Pages 249-264, ISSN 0034-4257,

Colli, Matteo, Roy Rasmussen, Julie M. Thériault, Luca G. Lanza, C. Bruce Baker, and John Kochendorfer (2015). An Improved Trajectory Model to Evaluate the Collection Performance of Snow Gauges. Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology 54(8): 1826-1836. doi: 10.1175/JAMC-D-15-0035.1

Dong, J. W., X.M. Xiao, P. Wagle, G.L. Zhang, Y.T. Zhou, C. Jin, M.S. Torn, T. P. Meyers. . . B. Moore (2015). Comparison of four EVI-based models for estimating gross primary production of maize and soybean croplands and tallgrass prairie under severe drought. Remote Sensing of Environment, 162, 154-168. doi:10.1016/j.rse.2015.02.022

Hicks, B., W. R. Pendergrass III, C. A. Vogel, R. N. Keener Jr., S. M. Leyton (2015). On the Micrometeorology of the Southern Great Plains. 2: Turbulence Statistics. Boundary-Layer Meteorology, 154(3), 351-366. doi:10.1007/s10546-014-9981-8


Gaumont-Guay,D. , T.A. Black, A.G. Barr, T.J. Griffis, R.S. Jassal, P. Krishnan, N. Grant and Z. Nesic (2014), Eight years of forest-floor CO2 exchange in a boreal black spruce forest: spatial integration and multi-temporal trends, 184 , 25– 35, Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 2014 (

Tong, D. Q., Lei, H., Pan, Li., Chai, T., Kim, H., Lee, P., Saylor, R., Wang, M., Kondragunta, S. (2014) Assimilation of satellite oceanic and atmospheric products to improve emission forecasting, Air Pollution Modeling and its Application XXIII, D. Steyn and R. Mathur, Eds. Springer International Publishing, Switzerland.

Saylor, R. D., Wolfe, G. M., Meyers, T. P., Hicks, B. B. (2014) On a corrected formulation of the multilayer model (MLM) for inferring dry deposition to vegetated surfaces, Atmos. Environ. 92, 141-145.

Mcgree, Simon & Whan, Kirien & Jones, David & Alexander, Lisa & Imielska, A & Diamond, Howard & Ene, E & Finaulahi, S & Inape, Kasis & Jacklick, Lee & Kumar, R & Laurent, Victoire & Malala, H & Malsale, Philip & Moniz, T & Ngemaes, M & Peltier, Alexandre & Porteous, A & Pulehetoa-Mitiepo, R & Vaiimene, M. (2014). An updated assessment of trends and variability in total and extreme rainfall in the Western Pacific. International Journal of Climatology. 34. . 10.1002/joc.3874.

H. Diamond, Jared, Rennie & Lawrimore, Jay & B. E., Gleason & Thorne, Peter & C. P., Morice & M. J., Menne & Williams, Corey & Almeida, Waldenio & J.R., Christy & M, Flannery & M, Ishihara & K, Kamiguchi & A. M. G., Klein-Tank & A, Mhanda & Lister, David & V, Razuvaev & Renom, Madeleine & Rusticucci, Matilde & J, Tandy & Yin, Xungang. (2014). The international surface temperature initiative global land surface databank: monthly temperature data release description and methods. Geosciences Data Journal. 1. . 10.1002/gdj3.8.

Pal, S., T. R. Lee, S. Phelps, and S. F. J. De Wekker, 2014: Impact of atmospheric boundary layer depth variability and wind reversal on the diurnal variability of aerosol concentration at a valley site. Science of the Total Environment 496, 424-434, doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2014.07.067.

Lee, T. R., S. F. J. De Wekker, and J. E. B. Wofford, 2014: Downscaling maximum temperature projections to subkilometer resolutions in the Shenandoah National Park of Virginia, USA. Advances in Meteorology 2014, 594965, doi:10.1155/2014/594965.

T.B. Wilson, J. Kochendorfer, T.P. Meyers, M. Heuer, K. Sloop, J. Miller (2014) Leaf Litter Water Content And Soil Surface CO2 Fluxes In A Deciduous Forest, Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, Volumes 192–193, 15 July 2014, Pages 42-50, ISSN 0168-1923.

Saylor, R. D (2013) The Atmospheric Chemistry and Canopy Exchange Simulation System (ACCESS): Model description and application to a temperate deciduous forest canopy, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 13, 693-715.

Hondula, D. M., R. E. Davis, D. B. Knight, L. J. Sitka, K. Enfield, S. B. Gawtry, P. J. Stenger, M. E. Deaton, C. P. Normile, and T. R. Lee, 2013: A respiratory alert model for the Shenandoah Valley, Virginia, USA. International Journal of Biometeorology 57, 91-105, doi:10.1007/s00484-012-0537-7.

Ikawa H., I. Faloona, J. Kochendorfer, K.T. Paw U, and W.C. Oechel (2013) Air-Sea Exchange Of CO2 At A Northern California Coastal Site Along The California Current Upwelling System., Biogeosciences, 10, 4419-4432, 2013. doi:10.5194/bg-10-4419-2013.

Bell, Jesse E, Palecki, Michael A, Baker, C Bruce, Collins, William G, Lawrimore, Jay H, Leeper, Ronald D, Hall, Mark E, Kochendorfer, John, Meyers, Tilden P, Wilson, Tim, 2013:, US Climate Reference Network Soil Moisture And Temperature Observations., Journal of Hydrometeorology, 14, 3, 977-988.

Kochendorfer, J., T.P. Meyers, J. Frank, W. Massman, and M. Heuer (2013) Reply To The Comment By Mauder On “How Well Can We Measure The Vertical Wind Speed? Implications For Fluxes Of Energy And Mass”. Boundary-Layer Meteorol. doi: 10.1007/s10546-012-9792-8.

Krishnan, P., T. P. Meyers, R.L.Scott, L.Kennedy and M. Heuer (2012), Energy exchange and evapotranspiration over two temperate semi-arid grasslands in North America, Agricultural and Forest Meteorology,doi:10.1016/j.agrformet.2011.09.017, 2012

Stein, A. F., R. D. Saylor (2012) Sensitivities of sulfate aerosol formation and oxidation pathways on the chemical mechanism employed in simulations, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 12, 8567-8574.

Wilson, T. B., T. P Meyers, J. Kochendorfer, M.C. Anderson, and M. Heuer (2012), The effect of soil surface litter residue on energy and carbon fluxes in a deciduous forest. Agric. and Forest Meteorol. 161:(134-147).

Saylor, R. D., A. F. Stein (2012) Identifying the causes of differences in ozone production from the CB05 and CBMIV mechanisms, Geoscientific Model Development, 5, 257-268.

Lee, T. R., S. F. J. De Wekker, A. E. Andrews, J. Kofler, and J. Williams, 2012: Carbon dioxide variability during cold front passages and fair weather days at a forested mountaintop site. Atmospheric Environment 46, 405-416, doi:10.1016/j.atmosenv.2011.09.068.

Kochendorfer, J., T.P. Meyers, J. Frank, W. Massman, and M. Heuer (2012) How Well Can We Measure The Vertical Wind Speed? Implications For Fluxes Of Energy And Mass., Boundary-Layer Meteorol. doi:10.1007/s10546-012-9738-1.

Nitu, R, Rasmunssen, R, Baker, B, Lanzinger, E, Joe, P, Yang, D, Smith, C, Roulet, YA, Goodison, B, Liang, H, 2012:, WMO Intercomparison Of Instruments And Methods For The Measurement Of Solid Precipitation And Snow On The Ground: Organization Of The Experiment., World Meteorological Organization (WMO), Brussels, Belgium, .

Tong, D. Q., P. Lee, R. D. Saylor (2012) New Directions: The need to develop process-based emissions models, Atmos. Environ., 47, 560-561.

Nitu, R, Aulamo, O, Baker, B, Earle, M, Goodison, B, Hoover, J, Hendrikx, J, Joe, P, Kochendorfer, J, Laine, T, 2012:, WMO Intercomparison Of Instruments And Methods For The Measurement Of Precipitation And Snow On The Ground., 9th International Workshop on Precipitation in Urban Areas, 6, .

Kochendorfer, J., E.G. Castillo, E. Haas. W.C. Oechel, K.T. Paw U (2011), Net Ecosystem Exchange, Evapotranspiration and Canopy Conductance in a Riparian Forest. Agric. and Forest Meteorol. 151(5):544-553.

Kochendorfer, J., K.T. Paw U (2011), Field Estimates Of Scalar Advection Across A Canopy Edge. Agric. and Forest Meteorol. 151(5):585-594.

Myles, L., J. Kochendorfer, M. W. Heuer, and T. P. Meyers. (2011), Measurement of Trace Gas Fluxes over an Unfertilized Agricultural Field Using the Flux-gradient Technique, Journal of Environmental Quality. 40:1359–1365. doi:10.2134/jeq2009.0386

Hondula, David M., L. Sitka, R. E. Davis, D. B. Knight, S. D. Gawtry, M. L. Deaton, T. R. Lee, C. P. Normile, and P. J. Stenger, 2010: A back-trajectory and air mass climatology for the Northern Shenandoah Valley, USA. International Journal of Climatology 30, 569-581, doi:10.1002/joc.1896.

Saylor, R. D., E. S. Edgerton, B. E. Hartsell, J. J. Jansen, and D. A. Hansen (2010) Continuous ammonia measurements from the Southeastern Aerosol Research and Characterization (SEARCH) study, Atmos. Environ., 44, 4994-5004.

Kochendorfer, J., M. E. Hall, T. P. Meyers and C. B. Baker (2009), Climate Reference Network Solar Powered Site Analysis, NOAA Technical Memo OAR ARL-262.

Edgerton, E. S., G. S. Casuccio, R. D. Saylor, T. L. Lersch, B. E. Hartsell, and J. J. Jansen (2008) Measurements of OC and EC in coarse particulate matter in the southeastern United States, J. Air & Waste Manage. Assoc., 59, 78-90.

Knight, D. B., R. E. Davis, S. C. Sheridan, D. M. Hondula, L.J. Sitka, M. L. Deaton, T. R. Lee, S.D. Gawtry, P. J. Stenger, F. Mazzei and B. P. Kenny, 2008: Increasing frequencies of warm and humid air masses over the conterminous United States from 1948 to 2005. Geophysical Research Letters 35, L10702, doi:10.1029/2008GL033697.

Saylor, R. D., E. S. Edgerton, and B. E. Hartsell (2006) Linear regression techniques for use in the EC tracer method of secondary organic aerosol estimation, Atmos. Environ., 40, 7546-7556.

Edgerton, E. S., B. E. Hartsell, R. D. Saylor, J. J. Jansen, D. A. Hansen, and G. M. Hidy (2006) The Southeastern Aerosol Research and Characterization Study: Part III. Continuous measurements of PM2.5 mass and composition, J. Air & Waste Manage. Assoc., 56, 1325-1341.

Lee, T. R. and G. M. Hornberger, 2006: Inferred bimodality in the distribution of soil moisture at Big Meadows, Shenandoah National Park, Virginia. Geophysical Research Letters 33, L06407, doi:10.1029/2005GL025536.

Edgerton, E. S., B. E. Hartsell, R. D. Saylor, J. J. Jansen, D. A. Hansen, and G. M. Hidy (2005) The Southeastern Aerosol Research and Characterization Study: Part II. Filter-based measurements of fine and coarse particulate matter mass and composition, J. Air & Waste Manage. Assoc., 55, 1527-1542.

Easter R. C., S. J. Ghan, Y. Zhang, R. D. Saylor, E. G. Chapman, N. S. Laulainen, H. Abdul-Razzak, L. R. Leung, X. Bian, and R. A. Zaveri (2004) MIRAGE: Model description and evaluation of aerosols and trace gases, J. Geophys. Res., 109, D20210, 10.1029/2004JD004571.

Paw U, K. T., S. Wharton, and J. Kochendorfer, (2004), Evapotranspiration: Measuring And Modeling. Acta Hort. (ISHS) 664:537-554

Chameides W. L., C. Luo, R. D. Saylor, D. Streets, Y. Huang, M. Bergin, and F. Giorgi (2002) Correlation between model-calculated anthropogenic aerosols and satellite-derived cloud optical depths: Indication of indirect effect?, J. Geophys. Res., 107, D10, 10.1029/2000JD000208.

Ghan S. J., R. C. Easter, E.G. Chapman, H. Abdul-Razzak, Y. Zhang, L. R. Leung, N. S. Laulainen, R. D. Saylor, R. A. Zaveri (2001) A physically-based estimate of radiative forcing by anthropogenic sulfate aerosol, J. Geophys. Res., 106, 5279-5293.